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Hip Dysplasia

What Is Canine Hip Dysplasia?

Canine hip dysplasia is a common skeletal condition, especially in large or giant breed dogs, although it can occur in smaller breeds, as well. In order to understand how the disease works, owners first need to understand the basic anatomy of the hip joint.

The hip joint functions as a ball and socket. In dogs with hip dysplasia, this joint fails to develop properly, rubbing and grinding instead of sliding smoothly. This results in deterioration over time and an eventual loss of function of the joint itself.

What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Dogs?

There are several factors that lead to the development of hip dysplasia in dogs, beginning with genetics. Hip dysplasia is hereditary and is especially common in large and giant breed dogs, like the Great DaneSt. Bernard, Belgian Malinois, and German Shepherd Dog. This genetic predisposition can be amplified by environmental factors, such as excessive growth, exercise, your dog’s weight and your dog’s nutrition.

Large and giant breed puppies have special nutrition requirements and need specially formulated large breed puppy foods. These foods help prevent excessive growth, which can lead to skeletal disorders like hip dysplasia, along with elbow dysplasia and other joint conditions. Slowing down these breeds’ growth allows their joints to develop without putting too much strain on them, helping to prevent problems down the line. Keep in mind, hip dysplasia is not limited to large or giant dog breeds.

Improper nutrition can also influence a dog’s likelihood of developing hip dysplasia, as can too much exercise – or too little. Obesity puts a lot of stress on your dog’s joints, which can exacerbate a pre-existing condition like hip dysplasia or even cause hip dysplasia. Talk to your vet about the best diet for your dog and the appropriate amount of exercise your dog needs each day to keep him in good physical condition.

HEALTH GUARANTEE

HEALTH GUARANTEE IS VOID IF DOG IS SPAYED OR NEUTERED PRIOR TO 9 MONTHS OF AGE. NO EXCEPTIONS! 

Your new puppy is guaranteed to be virus free for THREE business days from the date the puppy is received. Although we have done everything we can to prevent these things, parasites, worms, coccidia, giardia are all common problems in animals, especially young puppies. These can be treated; therefore, these are excluded from this guarantee. A visit with your own vet within three business days is recommended to confirm the health of your new puppy. If any parasites are found, treatment is the purchaser’s responsibility. Puppies are vet checked by our vet the week prior to going home.

Puppies commonly get stress diarrhea from changing environments and leaving their siblings and dam. This can also cause flare ups of cocci and giardia, you can put your new puppy on a probiotic given once daily to help settle the stomach, you can also give canned pumpkin (not pie filling) and plain yogurt, these can help get your puppy back on track. Otherwise a trip to the vet for metro and albon to help clear these things up. This is extremely common in puppies. 

  1. It is the buyer’s responsibility to inspect the puppy fully at pickup. Puppies will not be refunded and vet bills will not be paid for things such as regrown dew claws, mismarks or anything non health related.

  2. We recommend the buyer to maintain monthly heartworm and flea and tick preventative measures at the age indicated by his/her veterinarian.

  3. This puppy/dog is not to be surrendered to an animal shelter or to be sold or given to another party without first notifying the breeder. In the event the buyer can no longer assume care for this puppy/dog, the buyer agrees to contact the breeder to assist in placing the puppy/dog or to arrange return to the breeder. This guarantee is only valid for the buyer listed below and is NOT transferable. No refunds will be given for puppies or dogs that are returned. 

  4. This dog/puppy has a guarantee that the hips will not receive a grade of mild, moderate or severe hip or elbow dysplasia at 26 months of age from the OFA, or fail a CERF, or we will apply the full purchase price of your puppy toward the price of a replacement puppy of your choice from a future Saint Retriever kennel litter. (Replacement puppy will be provided when available, or should you choose to wait, must be received within 12 months of notifying us.) If the replacement puppy has a higher adoption fee, you will be responsible for the difference. IF replacement puppy has a lower adoption fee, no refund will be made. The Saint Retriever Kennel will not be responsible for any travel/shipping expenses (returning or receiving replacement puppy.) Replacement puppy will be considered final; no guarantee will be given on replacement puppy. OFA certification must be completed before 26 months of age. Only one replacement is allowed.

  5. We also guarantee that your puppy will never come back as “Affected” for the following conditions at any point during its life: PRA/PRCD; EIC; CNM; DM; Cysturina :RD/OSD.  Our adults are genetically tested for these diseases; therefore, it is not genetically possible for your puppy/dog to be affected by them. If they were (with the positive test results as being “affected” from an OFA accepted testing laboratory,) a replacement puppy will be offered. No refunds will be given.

  6. We do NOT guarantee anything other than what is covered on this guarantee. Genetic or not. If it is NOT listed here, then it is NOT covered. NO EXCEPTIONS. NO CASH REFUNDS EVER!!

 To qualify for a replacement puppy with our 26 month guarantee, all of the following conditions must be met: 


  1. You received a statement from OFA stating that your dog received a grade of mid, moderate or severe hip dysplasia or level 1 2 or 3 elbow dysplasia, or failed a CERF. Or came back as “Affected” for EIC CNM PRA DM Cysturina or RD/OSD.

  2. Dog has never been bred, even if puppies were not born or were not registered if produced

  3. If you choose to keep your dog, he/she must be spayed or neutered. The original AKC papers must be returned to us, along with a signed statement from the vet with the date the spay/neuter was performed. If the dog is returned, AKC papers must be returned with the dog.

  4. There must be no signs of injury, abuse, neglect, dog was not severely overweight, under weight and has not been used in agility, running, jumping or over exercised during their growth period of 24 months.

  5. We will only honor x-rays that have been submitted to OFA. If your vet did not submit x-rays to OFA for an actual grade please ask them to do so. We will not honor guarantees if x-rays have not been submitted to OFA. Please ask your vet for a cd copy of the x-rays so that you can send the pictures of the x-ray to us. We MUST receive a copy of the x-rays, as proper positioning is VERY critical to the grading received on hips/elbows. Vets often do NOT properly position dogs for x-rays.

  6. All the dogs vet records, x-rays, etc must be sent to my vet for her opinion before a replacement puppy will be considered.

Any signs of abuse or failure to follow the above conditions will void this guarantee. 

Claim for a replacement puppy shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by the following: 

  1. A copy of this guarantee

  2. If the buyer is not retaining puppy/dog, he/she must submit original AKC registration certificate, showing name of the original owner and must sign ownership back to the breeder.

  3. OFA certification of hip/elbow defect as described above or

  4. Written diagnosis by a qualified veterinarian or Lab.

  5. We do NOT PAY THE VET BILLS FOR YOUR DOG AT ANY POINT IN ITS LIFE/NOR DO WE EVER DO CASH REFUNDS. Guarantee is for a REPLACEMENT PUPPY ONLY!!!

  6. If your dog has hip or elbow dysplasia we cover the costs of a replacement puppy, NOT the vet bills.

  7. We do NOT Guarantee the color/temperament/behavior/personality of your puppy at any time. We will NOT refund for mismarks, behavior problems, conformation flaws etc.

Name:_________________________ Phone:________________________Registration:_______________________________________________________

Address:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Registration Number:  _________________       Gender: _____________ DOB: __________________________________________________________________

Color: ________   Puppy Price:  _______    Microchip: _______________________________________________________________________________________

Email:____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Dams Name: ________   AKC Number:____________________________________________________

Sires Name: _________  AKC Number:____________________________________________________

Buyers Signature: ______________________     Date:________________________________________

Sellers Signature: _________________    Date:______________________________________________

  1. There are no other guarantees given, either stated verbally or implied with this dog/puppy.

  2. This guarantee will ONLY be honored to the ORIGINAL purchaser and is NON transferable.

  3. If at any time during your dog’s life you are unable to keep him/her, we will assist you in finding him/her a new home. If necessary, you may return him to us however no refund or replacement will be given.

  4. The Saint Retriever kennel Is not responsible for ANY vet expenses, OFA or any other expenses incurred by you, the buyer.

  5. WE DO NOT COVER ANY SHIPPING COSTS OR EXPENSES AT ANY POINT IN TIME!!! 

  6. We do NOT guarantee the temperament or color of your puppy/dog.

THIS GUARANTEE HOLDS NO CASH VALUE-THIS GUARANTEE IS FOR A REPLACEMENT PUPPY FROM THE SAINT RETRIEVER KENNEL ONLY!!! 

THANK YOU

NUTRITION

University of California, Davis, veterinarians led a team that has found a link between some popular grain-free, legume-rich dog diets and a type of nutritional deficiency and canine heart disease known as taurine-deficient dilated cardiomyopathy. The study was recently published in the journal PLOS ONE.

Researchers found dogs eating some of these “boutique” diets are not making or maintaining enough taurine, an amino acid important for heart health. Taurine deficiency has been known for many years to lead to dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, a heart muscle disorder that can lead to congestive heart failure and death.

“I was surprised by how similar the diets being fed to the affected dogs were,” says lead author Joshua Stern, a veterinary cardiologist and geneticist at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. “I was shocked to see so many cases with this condition in such a short period of time.”

Stern says the research was prompted by the surge in cases at UC Davis. “This is a condition that was previously rarely seen in our busy clinic,” he says. “What we would really like to do is spread awareness of this issue. We have seen a great number of affected animals. Given that this is a reversible form of this devastating disease, we really want to ensure that veterinarians can recognize the risk and treat it expediently when needed.”

Stern says choosing “a well-researched dog food that has a healthy nutrient profile backed by expert formulation and research is of paramount importance.”

The Culprit: “Boutique” Pet Foods

Pet foods containing peas, lentils, other legume seeds, or potatoes as main ingredients, are what’s being linked to DCM, which leads to reduced heart pumping function and increased heart size. The alterations in heart function and structure can result in severe consequences such as congestive heart failure or sudden cardiac death. While the most common cause of DCM is genetic, on rare occasions other factors can also result in the condition, particularly in breeds that are not frequently affected.

Stern says the disease is now showing up unexpectedly in other breeds, such as the golden retriever. The common link unifying these cases is their diets. He began noticing the trend two years ago — while treating many dogs with nutritionally mediated DCM he realized that they were all eating similar diets. Last year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued an alert to pet owners and veterinarians about the potential association between the diets, which have become quite trendy, and DCM. The FDA continues to research this issue in an effort to help identify the exact dietary factor causing the problem.

Study Looked at Golden Retrievers

Stern’s research involved 24 golden retrievers with dilated cardiomyopathy and a documented taurine deficiency. Twenty-three of the 24 dogs diagnosed with DCM had also been fed diets that were either grain-free, legume-rich or a combination.

“The study was a clinical study looking at affected dogs and their response to therapy,” explains Stern. “The published study included 24 golden retrievers, which represents the largest collection of taurine-deficient DCM cases in the literature.”

Recommendations to Give Clients

Stern said veterinarians should educate clients about their dogs’ diet. He also cautions that dogs can develop DCM from nutritional origins and not be taurine-deficient. Taurine supplements can also mask the problem and lead to a delay of an important diagnosis.

But when the problem is related to taurine deficiency, says Stern, it may not be that the diet is “grain-free” or “legume-heavy” but that ingredients are interacting to reduce availability of taurine or that other nutrients are missing or interacting in the formulation.

For example, while a lot of pet owners may not want to see “byproducts” in their dog’s food, often the byproducts contain organ meat like heart and kidney, which are good sources of taurine.


5 Benefits Of Cinnamon and Pumpkin For Dogs

Pumpkin spice is a huge hit, especially in the fall. And it’s no surprise – it tastes delicious.

But while these seasonal treats are safe for you to consume … they’re not so good for your dog.

Pumpkin spice is usually made up of cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, and cardamom. Out of this list, only one spice is safe for dogs – cinnamon.

But that doesn’t mean that your dog has to completely miss out on pumpkin spice! In fact, you can make pumpkin a regular part of her year-round diet.

When paired with cinnamon, these two ingredients can provide many benefits! 

Let’s take a look 5 reasons you should share cinnamon and pumpkin with your dogs.

Benefits Of Pumpkin For Dogs

Pumpkin is a nutritious addition to your dog’s dish. It’s a good source of:

Pumpkin also contains antioxidants.

Antioxidants help your dog stay healthy by scavenging free radicals.

Free radicals are unstable electrons that damage your dog’s healthy cells. This damage can lead to premature aging, cancer and chronic disease.

Beta-carotene and zeaxanthin are two of the antioxidants found in pumpkin. Both are plant pigments called carotenoids.

Beta-carotene converts into vitamin A in your dog’s body and helps …

  • Support healthy skin, coat, muscles and nerves

  • Improve vision

  • Boost the immune system

  • Improve brain function

  • Prevent cancer

Zeaxanthin is especially beneficial for your dog’s eyes. It’s one of the only dietary carotenoids that can fight free radicals in the retina. It can also protect your dog’s eyes from light damage.

Zeaxanthin can also help …

And this isn’t all pumpkin is good for. Here are other ways pumpkin can help keep your dog healthy …

1. Beneficial To General Health

Because pumpkin contains so many nutritious ingredients, it can help support your dog’s overall health.

You can feed your dog 1/3 to 1/2 cup of raw or cooked pumpkin daily. This will provide ample fiber and nutrients to help keep your dog in peak health.

2. Soothes Digestive Issues

Studies show that pumpkin is good for all sorts of digestive issues. It’s soothing on your dog’s system and easy to digest.

Does your dog have diarrhea? Give her pumpkin. The soluble fiber in pumpkin helps solidify runny stool because it absorbs water.

Does she have constipation issues? Pumpkin can also help loosen things up.

For a medium-sized dog, add 1 to 4 tbsp of canned pumpkin to food for a few days until the issue resolves.


3. Helps With Intestinal Worms

The most surprising benefit is in the seeds, which Native Americans regarded as a sacred food. Fed raw or toasted, pumpkin seeds will help rid your dog of intestinal worms.

Feed her a 1/2 tsp per 20 pounds of body weight twice a day, until you no longer see worms or eggs in her stool.


Feeding Pumpkin to Your Dog

Both fresh and canned pumpkin are good choices. Canned pumpkin has more fiber and nutrients than fresh. This is mainly because fresh pumpkin has a higher water content. Canned is also easier and you can get it all year long.

Feed only pure pumpkin, not pumpkin pie filling!

Canned pumpkin with added salt, spices, sugar, or other additives can irritate your dog’s stomach. This counteracts the beneficial effects of the pumpkin. It can also contain xylitol which is deadly to your dog.

These are 3 fabulous reasons to add pumpkin to your dog’s diet. But let’s not forget about cinnamon! 

Benefits Of Cinnamon For Dogs

Cinnamon comes in two popular varieties, Ceylon and Cassia. 

  • Ceylon cinnamon is light in color and sweet in taste. It’s also expensive and difficult to find. 

  • Cassia cinnamon is what you find in every grocery store. Darker in color and with a stronger flavor, this variety is easier to grow and thus cheaper to buy. But because of the coumarin in Cassia cinnamon, it’s only ok to feed to dogs in small amounts. Do not feed it yo your dog for an extended period of time.

Ceylon cinnamon is the best choice of cinnamon for your dog.

1. Maintain A Healthy Weight

Did you know that 54 percent of all dogs in America struggle with obesity?

Over the last 12 years, we’ve also seen a 79 percent rise in diabetes!

If your dog has diabetes then you should definitely add cinnamon to her diet. Adding 1/8 tsp per 15 pounds of body weight to her diet each day is a standard and safe amount. This will help regulate her blood sugar.

2. Helps With Arthritis Relief

Have a dog who’s in her golden years?

As our pets age, arthritis becomes a potential problem that can affect their mobility. But there’s no need for your dog to struggle and suffer when you have cinnamon in your kitchen!

The anti-inflammatory properties in cinnamon can help manage joint pain and reduce swelling. It’s recommended by many to mix a 1/2 tsp of cinnamon in 1 tbsp of honey for a medium-sized dog.

Feeding Cinnamon To Your Dog

Cinnamon is a wonderful herb to use for dogs but … there are a couple of cautions:

  • Don’t feed cinnamon to pregnant dogs. It can have a stimulating effect on the uterus. 

  • Don’t give your dog a cinnamon stick to chew on. 

The combination of pumpkin and cinnamon spice has incredible benefits for your dog! With only two ingredients you can do so much to help your pet live her best and healthiest life.

It’s easy to add both of these to your dog’s diet. You can even use these ingredients to make a treat for special occasions (so, every day).

Raw Pumpkin Spice Dog Treats

Here’s what you need:

  • 3/4 cup canned pure pumpkin

  • 1 tbsp raw honey

  • 2 tsp cinnamon

  • 4 cups almond flour (add more if needed)

  • 1/4 tsp salt

Mix all the ingredients together in a large bowl, adding more flour if necessary, until it forms a soft dough. Roll the dough into balls that are the right size for your dog, and then refrigerate.

That’s it! Store these treats in the fridge for one week or freeze for up to six months.

Can Dogs Eat Raw Eggs?

It seems the poor egg is often dragged through the mud as a dangerous food for dogs. But is it?

Some say that eggs are too high in cholesterol … or they worry that they pose a risk of salmonella and will cause a biotin deficiency.

To that, We say nonsense!

Eggs are a cheap and safe source of raw food for your dog. And they’re one of the most complete and nutritious meals you can choose!

 

So let’s look at why dogs can and should eat eggs.

The Truth About Feeding Eggs To Dogs

We wanted to share with you some of the most common concerns and the health benefits of feeding your dog eggs. That way you can feel confident that you’re boosting your dog’s health when he eats eggs.

Eggs Are A Complete Food Source

Eggs are an important source of nutrition and not only for those who eat them but also for the chick living inside it. Eggs contain all the nutrients necessary to grow a new chicken.  

And this is why eggs are also one of the most complete sources of amino acids, the building blocks of protein. So letting your dog eat eggs is a great way to boost his protein intake.

Eggs Provide Nutrients, Vitamins, And Minerals

Eggs aren’t just a great source of protein. Feeding eggs to your dog is an easy way to offer him a range of nutrition support. They provide many key nutrition components including:

  • Vitamin A

  • Riboflavin

  • Folate

  • Vitamin B12

  • Iron

  • Selenium

  • Fatty Acids

Egg Whites Contain Enzyme Inhibitors

One of the reasons people question whether their dogs can eat eggs is because of the egg whites. Egg whites contain enzyme inhibitors. And the concern is that they can interfere with digestion, especially in very young and old animals.

This is true, but it only means that eggs should not be the mainstay of your dog’s diet. If you are feeding a well balanced fresh diet you won’t be putting him at risk.

In fact, the average dog can eat several eggs a week and be perfectly safe. You can start by feeding your dog just one egg. If you don’t see evidence of digestive upset, then he should have no trouble with eggs as part of his regular diet.

Cooking the egg white will help to avoid this problem … but most of the nutrition will get cooked out. So feed them raw if you can.

Does Feeding Egg Whites Cause Biotin Deficiency In Dogs?

Biotin is one of the B vitamins. It’s important for your dog’s cellular growth, fatty acid metabolism, and his healthy skin and coat.

Egg whites contain avidin, a biotin inhibitor. But biotin deficiencies are quite rare in dogs. And it would take eating an extraordinary amount of eggs to create a deficiency.

Egg yolks are very high in biotin, so as long as you feed the entire egg, there are few worries. When you feed a complete fresh diet there are other good sources of biotin in his diet as well. The liver is a particularly good source.

Again, you can get rid of this possible risk by cooking the egg white but your dog will lose much of the nutritional value.  

Aren’t Eggs A Salmonella Risk?

Your dog is actually well equipped to handle the bacteria in raw foods. But there are a few things you want to consider when choosing your eggs to keep the bacterial levels at a normal level.

The health of the hen laying the eggs is very important. Ideally you want to your dog to eat eggs from organic, free-range healthy chickens.

Feeding quality eggs along with proper storage and keeping the eggs cool, will keep bacteria at a manageable level.

Can Dogs Eat Eggshells? 

Yes, your dog can eat eggshells. In fact, feeding your dog a whole cracked egg with the shell is a nearly complete food source. They have almost all the amino acids your dog needs to stay healthy. And whole eggs are also a balanced source of calcium and phosphorus, which your dog needs to grow healthy bones and teeth. 

Eggshells also have a thin membrane on the inside that’s incredibly beneficial to your dog. Eggshell membranes are full of …

This makes it a great choice for arthritic dogs. In a 2016 study, eggshell membranes significantly reduced joint pain in 51 dogs with varying joint issues. 

While you can peel off the membrane and feed it to your dog directly, it’s much easier to feed the whole egg. You can also buy supplements with eggshell membrane as well. 

Eggshells can also be valuable for dogs who have difficulty eating bones. Just dry your eggshells out then grind them in a clean coffee grinder until they’re powdered. You can then sprinkle 1/2 teaspoon of powder on your dog’s next meal to boost the calcium. 

Can Puppies Eat Eggshells? 

Eggshells are safe for puppies to eat but they aren’t a good source of calcium for puppies. Puppies need lots of calcium in their diets to build strong bones. But the calcium in shells is calcium carbonate, which dogs don’t absorb well. Eggshell powder is also missing magnesium and phosphorus. 

Fresh raw bone is the best source of calcium for puppies. If you don’t want to bone or your puppy struggles with them, you can feed your puppy grass-fed bonemeal as a calcium supplement. 

 Can Dogs Eat Eggs?

Yes, dogs can eat eggs. Eggs are cheap, easily obtained and an outstanding source of nutrition for your dog. While there are misconceptions about the safety of eggs, the health benefits certainly outweigh the risks. And by feeding eggs whole, as nature intended, you’ll counteract any possible imbalances.

But it’s important to remember that many eggs are sprayed with a chemical to make them look shiny … so it’s best to get your eggs from a local organic farmer.

So try feeding your dog a few local eggs a week and you’ll see better health, inside and out. And the next time you hear someone ask, “Can dogs eat eggs?”, you can confidently share all the reasons why they need them.




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